What Causes Wrinkles?
Wrinkles are caused due to the loss of vital components in the lower level of the skin, called the dermis(collagen, elastin, and hyaluronic acid). Although there is no way to replace the building blocks of the dermis, there are quite a few products called dermal fillers that can be injected into the dermis to restore the skin's volume and elasticity and thereby minimising the appearance of wrinkles, lines, and scars.
Wrinkles on the face appear in different ways - As vertical lines just above the nose, which is often referred to as the "elevens"; or as horizontal rows across the forehead. The "elevens" are caused by squinting, scowling, worrying or just plain thinking; while the horizontal lines may result from normal animation while talking, or from holding the brows up with the primary muscle of the forehead during times of stress, or maybe just naturally. These lines are mostly the result of continual muscle contraction and can become very deep and prominent over time.
What Types of Injection Treatments Are Available?
Hylaform injection: This is a hyaluronic acid filler with the lowest concentration of hyaluronic acid. Due to its soft consistent filler, it is particularly used as a wrinkle injection for the lips and the cheeks area. Once injected, Hylaform merges into the dermis with other natural tissues. Since hyaluronic acid is a natural sugar that is found in the human body, when injected it helps to maintain skin volume by attracting and binding over one thousand times its weight in water; thereby helping smooth away lines and wrinkles.
Hylaform gradually gets absorbed by the body-fat over time, which is why top-up sessions/treatments are required to maintain its results about every 3 months; the effect lasting for the least of the hyaluronic acid fillers. The side-effects of hyaluronic acid fillers are bruising and swelling; the latter can last for up to a week.
Restylane injection: This is perhaps the most well-known and common of the hyaluronic acid fillers. Restylane is a clear liquid gel, a non-animal sourced hyaluronic acid based dermal filler. Restylane is the stiffest hyaluronic acid filler and therefore particularly effective in treating deep wrinkles. Another benefit is the long-lasting results, as the effects of Restylane treatments can last six months or more, making it one of the longest-lasting fillers.
Common side effects include redness, headache, flu-like symptoms, bump, and injection site pain which can last for up to one week.